compile group: "org.http4k", name: "http4k-security-oauth", version: "3.121.0"
Support for using integrating with external OAuth2 providers for authentication purposes and to provide access to external APIs of entities such as Auth0, Google etc.
Specifically, http4k supports the popular
OAuth2 Authorization Code Grant. This flow provides a callback mechanism that plays out like this:
- App developer (you!) creates an application on the OAuth provider and receives a
Client Idand a
Client Secret. You also provide a "callback" URL to the provider which will be used later.
- When accessing a protected resource, your app checks for an
Access Tokenfrom the user (via cookie or similar)
- If the user has no token, the app redirects the user browser back to the OAuth provider site, along with the "state" of the user - containing a generated
CrossSiteRequestForgeryToken(CSRF - which is also stored by the app) and the original URI the user was trying to access.
- The user logs in on the OAuth provider site, which generates a code that is returned as a query parameter in a redirect back to the registered callback URL in your app, along with the CSRF token.
- Your app checks the content of the CSRF token to determine that the redirect is genuine, then sends the received code back to the OAuth provider in exchange for a valid
AccessToken. This completes the flow
AccessTokencan then be used to access various services from the OAuth provider APIs.
There is a single user-defined interface,
OAuthPersistence, required to implement to enable this flow. This interface is required to provide the custom way in which your application will store and retrieve the
AccessToken for a request. A common way to do this is through Cookies, but the values should definitely be encrypted. http4k only provides an insecure version of this class that you can use for testing. In order to remain provider-agnostic, the AccessToken object also contains the entirety of the (typically JSON) token response from the provider, which may include other fields depending on the types of scope for which your application is authorised by the user.
To enable OAuth integration, construct a configured instance of
OAuthProvider. This provides 3 things:
1. A filter to protect application resources
1. A callback HttpHandler for the OAuth provider to redirect the authticated user to
1. A fully configured API client (which populated the Host on the URI) - this allows different
implementations of the provider to be used across environments.
Out of the box, http4k provides implementations for several OAuth providers.
See the cookbook for a custom implementation.