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Nanoservices

http4k is a small library with minimal dependencies, but what you can accomplish with just a single line of code is quite remarkable due to a combination of the available modules and the Server as a Function concept.

The main code of the following http4k applications (in the appropriately named function) all fit in a tweet (140 characters)... exports excluded ;)

Simple Proxy

Requires: http4k-core

This simple proxy converts HTTP requests to HTTPS. Because of the symmetrical server/client HttpHandler signature, we can simply mount an HTTP client onto a Server, then add a ProxyHost filter to do the protocol conversion.

Latency Reporting Proxy

Requires: http4k-core

Building on the Simple Proxy example, we can simply layer on extra filters to add features to the proxy, in this case reporting the latency of each call.

Wire-sniffing Proxy

Requires: http4k-core

Applying a DebuggingFilter to the HTTP calls in a proxy dumps the entire contents out to StdOut (or other stream).

Traffic Recording Proxy & Replayer

Requires: http4k-core

This example contains two apps. The first is a proxy which captures streams of traffic and records it to a directory on disk. The second app is configured to replay the requests from that disk store at the original server. This kind of traffic capture/replay is very useful for load testing or for tracking down hard-to-diagnose bugs - and it's easy to write other other stores such as an S3 bucket etc.

Static file Server

Requires: http4k-core

Longer than the Python SimpleHttpServer, but still pretty small!

Websocket Clock

Requires: http4k-core, http4k-server-jetty

Like Http handlers, Websockets in http4k can be modelled as simple functions that can be mounted onto a Server, or combined with path patterns if required.

Chaos Proxy (random latency edition)

Requires: http4k-core, http4k-testing-chaos

As per the Principles of Chaos, this proxy adds Chaotic behaviour to a remote service, which is useful for modelling how a system might behave under various failure modes. Chaos can be dynamically injected via an OpenApi documented set of RPC endpoints.